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THE BLACK SWAN PROBLEM

The “Black Swan Problem” is a well known philosophical argument among many scholars, which says the following: “If we only observe that all Swans are white; then can we assume that there are no black Swans?” Historically, it was commonly assumed that all Swans are white because there have been no observations of Swans of…

DELIVERANCE FROM ERROR

The above title comes from a book of a famous Muslim Scholar, Al Imam Al Ghazali (1058-1111 AD); of which has brought a lot of interest to me. While the book serves almost a self written autobiography of himself, it’s core theme was, how Al Ghazali, through his pursuit of knowledge and seeking truth, discover…